The Kerala government has been taking significant strides in promoting the use of solar in the state. Previous announcements such as the 10,000 rooftop solar(more details here, here and here) and the 75,000 rooftop solar program aims at proliferating the use of solar in the state with an aim to alleviate the growing energy deficit. Continuing in a similar vein, the Kerala government today released the draft Kerala Solar Policy 2013. It is expected that many of the topics will come up for discussions at the event Save Power Show , where the Director of ANERT, Prof(Dr) M. Jayaraju will be hosting a session on the implementation of Kerala’s 10,000 rooftop programme.
Some of the highlights of the solar policy include
- The policy comes into force from April 1st, 2013
- Targets – 500 MW by 2017 and 1500 MW by 2030
- Implementation Strategy – Solar PV
- Off-grid rooftop systems – residential, commerical (telecom towers, hoardings etc.)
- Grid connected small scale systems
- Installation of floating solar arrays over canals, reservoirs etc.
- Off shore generating plants using solar thermal systems
- Specific emphasis on the development of Balance of Supply (BoS) plants
- Explore the use of energy storage systems with an emphasis on Pumped Hydro storage
- Implementation Strategy – Solar Thermal
- Widespread use of solar water heating systems (SWHS) by mandating compulsory use of such systems a la Bangalore
- SWHS would be made mandatory for all industrial buildings, hospitals, hostels, hotels and residential buildings with an area of 3000 sq. ft. or more
- Promoting the use of solar steam systems in community cooking institutions, industrial applications, laundries
- Specific focus on water heating systems in industrial units with a view to provide hot water and steam for process requirements
- Financing and Subsidies
- Ensure bank finance at attractive rates
- Focus on a GBI/FiT mechanism rather than capital subsidy
- For grid connected systems, a BOOT model would be adopted for government buildings for implementation within two years
- Net metering, FiT and REC mechanism would be tapped for grid-connected solutions in non-government buildings
- For the REC mechanism, the government would periodically announce the APPC price – this is a very important measure
- Implementation by domestic consumers would be encouraged in a phased manner after formulating (LT) grid connection standards
- Competitive bidding and allocation would only be adopted for challenging projects (such as off-shore systems)
- Infrastructure – a comprehensive/wholesome set of protocols would be formulated to improve the quality of the grid in general with specific focus on nano/community grids which would be integrated with the no load-shedding campaign
- Regulatory Framework
- KSEB would get first preference for power purchase (outside of captive consumption) at APPC price – this would greatly discourage third party sale
- Tariff incentives would be decided based on existing consumption levels – we are likely to see “slabs” of tariff as seen in the case of domestic/commercial electricity tariff
- Solar Procurement Obligation (SPO) will be mandated for Commercial consumers with more than 20 kVA connected load, LT Industrial with more than 50kVA connected load and for all HT & EHT consumers in a phased manner. All HT and EHT consumers shall have to procure 3% of their energy consumed through SPO till March 2014 and 6% from April 2014 onwards. From April 2014 onwards the same shall be applicable for Commercial consumers and LT industrial as per the criteria mentioned above. The same shall be made applicable for high consuming domestic consumers. i.e., more than 500 units per month at a later stage.
- SPO would be fulfilled in a manner similar to TN solar policy – through purchase from KSEB @ solar tariff, RECs, third party sale and installation of captive solar systems
- SWHS (100 liters) and PV systems (100 kW) is mandatory for all buildings having floor area between 2000 Sq.ft. and 3000 Sq.ft.
- SWHS (100 liters) and PV systems (500 kW) is mandatory for all buildings having floor area above 3000 Sq.ft.
- Residential flats – 5% energy use for common ammenities from solar
- Other Incentives and Facilities
- No open access charges
- No wheeling and T&D charges for captive consumers
- Exemption of electricity duty
- Conditional banking for captive generators
- KSEB would create the necessary evacuation infrastructure
The document can be downloaded here.
Subscribe to RESolve Energy Consultants : Perspectives and Insights by Email
You are invited to join the Kerala solar group in LinkedIn and share your views there. The link to the group is http://www.linkedin.com/groups/Kerala-Solar-4727444